A COMPREHENSIVE ESSAY ON CORRUPTION
CORRUPTION IS DESTROYING PAKISTAN
CORRUPTION IN THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES
At present every thing is fast and making progress, with this fast advancement, corruption has become a world problem. It is in fact a universal problem, having existed in all ages. It has clung to mankind like an incurable disease. In view of its general prevalence, scholars have devoted a good deal of thorough attention to this vice. The true reason for corruption is a desire to get rich by any means. In a free and competitive society, investment of capital can yield only reasonable returns in the long run. But corruption or acceptance of bribes promises a rapid change in financial conditions. Originally the police was notorious for corruption but now the evil has spread to almost every department of the government. Even courts of justice and education department are no exceptions.
Widespread of corruption has created disappointment among the community. The machinery of government gets rusted and ceases to work in intended manner. Corruption decreases respect for law and sense for allegiance to the government. In a society governed by corrupt officials, the whole system of moral, ethical and religious values is impaired. The distinction between right and wrong disappears. Revolutions and military takeovers become common.
Some important factors that contribute to the prevalence of corruption differ from country to country. Those that are common to most countries including Pakistan are seven. First, general economic condition of the country is poor and every one tries to feather his nest. Secondly, the rates of remuneration of public functionaries are low, and they are tempted to accept bribes. Thirdly, the general price level and the standard of living are very high; honest means of living fail him. Fourthly, social conditions and customs demand lavish expenditure of money. Fifth, there exists no strong opinion against corruption; it has been accepted as a common thing. Sixthly, law confer on the public servants vast powers and discretions, they take undue advantage of that. Lastly, there are no adequate means to prevent corruption or punish the law breakers.
To remove corruption from the society, a complete change of the political, social and economic system is necessary. Unless the motive or inducement for corruption is removed, corruption will continue. Four steps however may be of some use. First wide discretionary powers should be taken away from individual officials. Secondly, anti-corruption department should be made more effective. Thirdly, the minds of the people should be changed, by the prevalence of moral values. Lastly, the law-breakers should be punished severely and dealt with iron hand.
THE CHILD IS FATHER OF THE MAN
Long ago there lived , among the mountains in the north of Italy, a young lad called Titian. He was very fond of painting pictures. But no paints were available for him to paint with. Being an ingenious lad he made his own paint. He crushed flowers of various hues and used the paint so obtained to make pictures. In the absence of canvas to paint upon, he used the white walls of his father’s house as his canvas, and many were the pictures he painted on the walls. This young lad fulfilled the promise of his early years: he was Titian, one of the greatest artists of Italy. He proved the truth of the saying that the child is father of man.
The qualities shown by a child are often indications of what the child is going to be when he grows up to be a man. What the child is, indicates what the man will be. All the qualities, physical, mental, and spiritual which will be found in the grown-up man may be found in germ in the child. As john Milton says:
“The childhood shows the man,
As morning shows the day.”
The habits and traits of a man are often only the developments of the habits and traits he had when he was a child. Look at a child carefully, and you can foretell into what kind of a man or woman that child is going to develop. The truth of the saying that the child is father of the man will hardly be questioned by anyone who has observed life carefully. “As the twig is bent, so the tree will grow” says an old proverb. Even in the case of a tree it is possible for us to tell beforehand how the tree will grow. If the young plant is strong and straight we can say that it will develop into a strong, straight tree. Children born and brought up in families which have some strongly marked diseases or moral weaknesses nearly always grow up with those diseases or moral weaknesses in them. On the other hand, children brought up in homes where the influences are healthy, nearly always grow up into men and women of strong character.
The truth of the statement is borne out by the lives of many men and women who have left a name behind them. It is said of Michelangelo, the famous sculptor and painter, that when he was a child he used to amuse himself by making drawings on the paint-pots, easel, stool and other such things belonging to an old painter. The old painter said: ” That boy will beat me one day.” The words of the old man came true, for Michelangelo was true to the promise of his early days, and became one of the greatest painters and sculptors of the world. It is said about Fichte, the great German writer, that once, when as a boy he was reading a very exciting story, he realised that to be absorbed in sensational stories was bad for his studies, and so he threw the book into the river near which he was seated. He did not read any more useless fiction but gave all his time to advanced studies. He lived to be one of the most learned men and profound philosphers of his time. The childhood of Ruskin, Tennyson, Miss Florence Nightingale and others indicated the lines of their development. Not once or twice has it been true that the child is father of the man.
But the saying is not always true. There have been instances in which promising childhood has been followed by diappointing manhood and vice versa. Boys who seemed very stupid when small, have sometimes grown up into great men. Rande the great jurist of India, was not a bright boy. His mother used to ask him, half humorously, half seriously, if he would be able to earn a few pies for his wife when he grew up and married. But this apparently ordinary boy became a great reader and scholar later on. He became a justice of the High Court of Bombay; he was a great social reformer; and in many other ways he was a great man. In his case atleast, the child as he appeared to his mother and others, was not father of the man. Other instances may be easily found in history, not always does the childhood clearly shows the man.